Pregnancy and lactation are the periods when a woman needs iron, folic acid and zinc – a UNICEF recommendation.
BIOFEZ = carbonyl iron + folic acid + zinc
According to the World Health Organization, about 90% of pregnant women are susceptible to anemia. Most often it is iron deficiency anemia.
With the onset of pregnancy, the female body should work for two: for mother and for the baby. This is a huge burden for the woman’s body. Therefore, it is necessary to exert maximum efforts to help your body cope with such a load.
One of the most important elements that a future mother will need in an increased volume is iron.
During pregnancy, you need to monitor the level of iron in the blood, it is important that it would be within normal limits. This is explained by the fact that this microelement takes part in very important processes occurring in the human body. Iron helps the mother’s and future baby’s organisms to function normally and develop: promotes the formation of erythrocytes, which are responsible for the oxygenation of tissues and organs, is part of the enzymes that regulate metabolism and is involved in the formation of the child’s brain. Without iron, the flow of many biochemical processes in the body is simply impossible.
In pregnant women, blood volume increases by about 30-40%, this is due to the fact that the uterus begins to grow and is intensively supplied with blood. As the fetus develops, the volume of circulating blood “requiring” iron increases, which is also necessary for the development of the fetus and placenta. To the body produces enough blood, the need for iron during pregnancy is doubled.
The blood volume in pregnant women increases by 30-40%, so the need of Iron is doubled
By the end of pregnancy in the maternal body, iron deficiency inevitably occurs, adding to this the consumption of iron for blood loss during childbirth (about 150 mg) and lactation (about 400 mg) – it turns out that for the period from conception to the completion of lactation, the female body loses 1200-1400 mg iron. In connection with this, iron during pregnancy is one of the most important components of nutrition.
The greatest need for iron occurs between 8 and 22 weeks of pregnancy. At this time, it is practically impossible to obtain enough iron only from foods, resulting in the last trimester of pregnancy often accompanied by acute iron deficiency.
1200-1400 mg of iron loses the female body from conception of the child to the completion of lactation
Symptoms of Deficiency and Its Consequences
With a lack of iron in the body during pregnancy, a woman feels a general weakness, accompanied by dizziness and nervousness. There may be loss of appetite, headaches, worsening of sleep, pale and dry skin, brittle nails, an increase in the frequency of colds. When the concentration of this microelement is below the norm, anemia can develop, as a result of which the placenta will not receive oxygen, and the baby will begin hypoxia. Also, anemia can lead to mild labor and bleeding during childbirth and, worst of all, become the cause of placental abruption and miscarriage. To maintain the level of iron in the norm, it is necessary to regularly monitor the level of hemoglobin in the blood. It is very important not to allow iron deficiency even after childbirth.
During childbirth, a woman loses about 400 ml of blood, which must be replenished. Iron directly affects the blood in the body of the mother, so it should come in the right amount, and this element is very important for the prevention of anemia in the child.
Breastmilk contains 0.2-0.4 mg of iron, which is well absorbed (50% digestibility), this volume completely covers the baby’s need for this micronutrient.
Do I need to take additional medications?
In many cases, even an iron-rich diet is not enough to provide a daily requirement for it, since the body absorbs only 1-10% of iron supplied with food. If a woman has a deficiency in iron during pregnancy or lactation, it is necessary to begin its elimination as soon as possible. If required, it is possible to connect the use of iron-containing complexes.
Only 1 – 10% of the iron supplied with food is absorbed by the body
Note: the dose of iron is determined by the doctor. A blood test is performed to accurately determine the degree of iron deficiency and prevent overdose. Recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) on the treatment and prevention of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy:
“All future mothers from the very beginning of pregnancy (or no later than the 3rd month) and before delivery should receive 6o mg of elemental iron and 400 mcg of folic acid per day for the prevention of anemia.”
The probability of birth defects of the neural tube of the fetus decreases by 75% when folic acid is taken during the period of pregnancy planning.
An integral part of a healthy pregnancy is the intake of folic acid. This vitamin plays an important role in the production of red blood cells and helps the fetal neural tube to develop normally in the brain and spinal cord.
Folic acid is of great importance in the planning of pregnancy because it not only participates in the formation of healthy organs in a future child, but also contributes to the successful conception of the baby.
When to take?
Since folic acid is recommended for all women of reproductive age planning pregnancy, it is necessary to start taking folic acid before pregnancy and continue it throughout pregnancy and for 4-6 weeks after giving birth, or while a woman is breastfeeding.
400-1000 mcg per day – the recommended dose of folic acid during pregnancy and feeding
If there are no other recommendations, the recommended dosage of folic acid in pregnancy and lactation is 0.4-1 mg (400-1000 μg) per day in addition to a diet rich in folic acid.
What is the danger of a deficiency of folic acid during pregnancy?
Deficiency of folic acid in the body of a future mother can lead to such negative consequences as:
- Placental abruption
- Spontaneous abortion
- Stillborn children
- Congenital malformations and deformities in the fetus (anencephaly – the development of neural tube defects that affect the brain and spinal cord). Lack of vitamin B9 during pregnancy is fraught with the development of defects in the cardiovascular system, the formation of cleft palate (the cleft palate) and lips (hare’s lip)
- Mental retardation in a child
For both mother and baby, there is a great need for vitamin B9 during breastfeeding. It helps mother overcome postpartum depression, weakness, apathy, helps to ensure a sufficient amount of milk. Babies, whose mothers take folic acid, do not have lag in weight, delayed psychomotor development, decreased immunity, impaired intestinal function.
According to the content in the human body, zinc is second only to iron.
Particularly important its role during pregnancy, as the daily requirement for zinc is rapidly increasing. Without zinc, the correct development of a new life is impossible.
With its deficiency, fetal malformations, as well as newborns, in particular, curvature of the spine, hydrocephalus, abdominal hernia, cleavage of the sky and so on, are possible. The microelement plays a certain role in the formation of the skeleton, the growth and division of cells, controls the synthesis and stabilization of insulin, has antitoxic and antiviral effects. Lack of zinc threatens complications during childbirth: deterioration of the woman’s health, weakening of contractile activity, slow opening of the birth canal, ruptures, serious bleeding and infections.
During lactation, zinc is taken to prevent dermatitis and skin rashes.
To ensure that during pregnancy, after childbirth and during lactation, the baby and mother feel good, it is important to eat properly, eat healthy foods and vitamin complexes.
Taking into account the ecological situation in our country and the whole world, as well as products that are increasingly subject to chemical processing and no need to neglect the dietary supplement, as BIOFEZ, containing carbonyl iron, folic acid and zinc in optimal dosages.
Your task is to grow a healthy, developed and happy child in all possible ways.
It is important to remember that before taking vitamin complexes and dietary supplements, it is recommended to consult a doctor!